T1Which of the following volunteer work would you choose and why?
(1)Working as a home tutor
(2)Helping adults to read
(3)Providing transportation for elder people
观点：Providingtransportation for elder people
After making a comparison among thethree available choices of volunteer work, I would like to providetransportation for elder people. There are some reasons. First of all, I’ve gotmy own driving license and I’m available for that. Not all the students willget driving license as early as I do, and therefore, there will be few who cando this. And I’m pleased to take the responsibility. Moreover, I would like tobe a tutor guide after graduation and this accumulates my personal experience.Some of my friends majoring in tourism have told me that it’s work to take careof children as well as the elders. And hence if I can get along well with theelder people, I may suit myself in the tourism industry better than others.
2.20110731 Task 1
What type of music do you enjoy most? Explain why you enjoy thistype of music. Include reasons and details in you explanation.
观点：rock and roll
1 崇拜Michael Jackson
I like rock and roll,because I’m a big fan of Michael Jackson. For Michael, the story has ended, butnot his fame. He was a black, good at music and dance. His songs and dancesfascinate the whole world. And as a minority in America, he worked really hardfor human rights and world peace, by compositions and charities. Plus, it’s a mainform of entertainment. I am mostly stressed out by work, and relaxation is theonly thing I think of after a working day. When I am indulging myself in music,specifically rock and roll, I can temporarily forget the burden in real life.
3. Task 1
If you have an opportunity to go to a free class during theweekend，which ofthe following would you choose to go to public speaking, starting your ownbusiness, or photography and why? Please include details and examples in yourexplanation.
Personally，I would choose to take a class on public speaking because speakingin public is such an important skill both at school and at work. For example，my professors often require us to make presentations in front ofeveryone in class. However, I can’t speak fluently as usual and I forgot what Iwould speak sometimes. So I need to practice the skill of speaking in public.And I believe that a good expression of speaking in public will make a goodimpression on my boss and my coworkers. That’s why I would like to choose theclass on public speaking.
4. 20101023 Task 2
Some students like to take notes in class, while others prefer tomainly listen to the teacher. Which do you prefer and why?
I prefer to take notes.There are some reasons for my choice. Firstly, it’s a better way to catch upwith exams. Although I can focus on the content when the professor is uttering,notes on PPT or blackboard tend to be more accurate and will be of great helpwhen making preparations for finals. Moreover, it’s a force to myconcentration. When taking notes, I have to fully focus on the professor inorder not to miss out any important detail he’s given that is firmly connectedwith the exam and therefore, I have to be involved during the whole class andhave no time for cell phone games or random chats with peers.
5. Task 2
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Playingcomputer or video games has a negative influence on teenagers.
Personally speaking, I agreewith the point that playing computer or video games is harmful for teenagers.First, teenagers will have less time focusing on their study if they spend toomuch time on playing computer or video games. They are too young to have theability to balance their time between studying and playing. Second, playingcomputer games for too long affect teenagers’ health negatively. Many teenagersare short-sighted, and computer games should be responsible. It is reportedthat some teenagers even died because of playing computer games too much.
6. 20140118 Task 2
T2 Some teachers prefer students to send questions about coursework or assignments by email. Others prefer students to ask the questions inperson. Which do you prefer?
I prefer email. There aresome reasons. Firstly, students stop traveling for long distances. On one hand,with the help of internet, students on holiday in other states can still havediscussions with the professor or send assignments by email. And the professor,in any place in the world, is also contactable. On the other hand, it avoidstravelling in harsh weather, like storm or hurricane. An email solves all theproblems. Secondly, it improves efficiency and thus saves time, as studentsreceive instant replies. For example, students instantly receive the commentson the paper right finished by the professor at midnight when a visit is lesslikely.
7. 20101212 Task 2
Whiletraveling, some people prefer to go to new places, and others prefer to visitfamiliar places. Which do you think is better?
观点：goto new places
Well, it might be a good idea for theold and the weak to stay in familiar places where the weather is suitable andthere is less chance to get them affected by diseases in changing weather orlocation, but it’s not the case for the young adults who are excited aboutchanges. Firstly, new places bring us diverse activities. For example, peoplewho are used to swimming in hot summer days may also enjoy skiing in coldwinter days. Secondly, unfamiliar places bring us new visions. It’s a pity thatpeople living in the equatorial area have never seen snow. And also it’s agreat surprise to swim in Australia when it is winter in the north hemisphere.
Reading:letter 建议学校禁止在学校中心骑自行车，尤其在楼与楼之间，因为很窄（sidewalkis narrow），对行人很不安全，如果发现要罚款。
According to the reading material, astudent proposes to forbid riding bikes on campus particularly among buildingsbecause the sidewalks on campus are narrow and thus cycling could be dangerous.The student also suggests the university to hire some security guards to checkwhether any students break the rule and impose a fine. The woman holds anegative view toward the proposal. First, she thinks cycling is safe becauseit's not too fast and doesn’t injure others normally. Also, students who ridebikes are responsible and careful. Furthermore, hiring some security guards forchecking will be a waste of time and resources.
Reading: 学生写信提议在lobbyof fine art building 加一个small coffee shop
A student wrote a proposal to theuniversity suggesting that the university should think about adding a coffeeshop to the lobby of the fine arts building because there’s no such a place forstudents to buy something to drink or eat between classes, and it can providean opportunity for other students to notice the art works that fine artsstudents made in the lobby. The student in the conversation thinks it's a goodidea. First, it’s a ten minutes walking from the buildings to student center,where has a coffee shop. It takes too long for students to walk betweenclasses. Second, not many students know about the art works displayed in thelobby, so adding a coffee shop there can encourage more students to stop by.
10. 20140118 Task 2
The university announces that it willlaunch an electricity saving competition. The winners will be awarded with apizza party. The female student in the listening material supports the idea.There are two reasons. First, encouraging students to save electricity is aworthwhile act. Simple things such as a small label next to a light switch thatsays “Turn off when not in use” will be very effective in changing students’habits. Furthermore, it is a good point to use a pizza party to encourage thestudents. Although many students are not interested in saving electricity, theywill be very much attracted by the possibility of winning a pizza party. Thus,students will think of many ingenious ways to save electricity in the dorm.
11. 20130215 Task 4
Reading:emotional reasoning :如果人们对发生的事情有负面感觉，会影响人们对事情的准确判断。人们会不自觉地找寻证据去证明这种感觉。
The professor talks about apsychological concept called emotional reasoning, which means when people havenegative feelings about something, it will influence their attitude toward theevent. They tend to look for evidences to support their negative feelings. Theprofessor used his own example to illustrate. When he first joined thepsychology lab, he was not invited to the gatherings among co-workers. Hethought he was not welcomed. This is his negative feeling. From then on, hesearched for evidences that support his feeling. It turned out that he was notinvited only because he was new and not familiar with the rest of theco-workers. After communicating with his co-workers, he realized the realreason and was invited to the gatherings.
Reading:kinaesthetic learning :让学生参与其中
As stated in the reading material,kinaesthetic learning refers to a learning method that the students participatephysically in the leaning process instead of listening to lectures. In thelistening, the professor gives an example of teaching students to read theclock. For example, at the beginning, the teacher used a paper clock and askedthe students to learn reading it, but the students were not interested. Thenthe teacher changed the teaching method. She asked two students to go onto theplatform to act as a dial plate and a watch hand respectively. Other studentswere asked to read the clock. Thus, the students were willing to learn at theend.
Reading:学校决定把每个班级的人数从8 人增加到15 人。
In the reading passage, the universitydecided to increase the number of students in each class from 8 to 15. That’sbecause there are more students applying for these classes while the number offaculties is limited. In the listening, the male student disagrees with thisdecision. First, it will decrease the opportunity to communicate with thefaculty, leading to less participation. Second, if more students are coming,more tuition will be paid. The university can use this to pay for having morefaculties. In this way, the problem of faculty insufficiency will be solved.
14. 20150613 Task 5
Solution 1: 开车回去拿
In the conversation, the woman hasencountered a problem that her painting work was left at her parents’ place,but she has to turn it in tomorrow night. There are two possible solutions.Firstly, she can drive back to her parents’ house to pick it up. The secondsolution is to draw another one. I would suggest her to take the first one,because the time it takes for her to drive back and forth may be similar towhich it takes her to draw another. The only cost will be the gas. Also, shehas been concentrated on the original work and really likes it, so she’d betterto turn the original one in.
15. 20150614 Task 5
Solution 1: 去play,明天8点钱辅导男生
In the conversation, the woman hasencountered a problem that whether she chooses to teach a male studentchemistry for his exam tomorrow or see a play tonight with her friends. Thereare two possible solutions. She can either teach the man at 8 a.m. tomorrowmorning or choose not to go to the play. I would recommend the second one. Theman is going to have the test tomorrow at 10 a.m., so teaching him at 8 a.m.leaving him very limited time to study for the test. Also, she promised himbefore, so she’d better keep her words. Although she will miss the play, shecan pick another night with her friends.
16. 20150711 Task 5
Solution 1: 去掉国际和国内新闻
In the conversation, the student editorsof the campus newspaper have encountered a problem that the university has cuttheir funding off and the price of papers has raised by 25%. There are twosolutions for them. First is to cut the international and national newssection. Second, they can reduce the publishing copies. I would recommend themto take the second option. I think most of the students are willing to sharewith others. It is more important to keep the variety and range of the contentof newspapers with national and international parts in.
17. 20150905 task6
In the lecture, the professor discusseshow a third party can be used to help resolve problems between two individuals.There are two approaches. The first is called mediation. For instance, tworoommates have encountered a conflict. They can invite a mutual friend to comeup with a solution that both of the roommates agree on. The second approach iscalled arbitration that the parties having conflict can ask a third individualto make a judgment. For instance, two people having conflict will tell thethird person about the conflict, and they must act in accordance with the finaljudgment whether both persons accept the result or not.
18. 20150912 Task6
Listening:how ants adapt to undergroundenvironment where they build their nests
The professor discusses how ants adaptto underground environment where they build their nests. There are two ways.First, if the nest gets too dry, ants transport water into the nest. Thisrequires a lot of labor. For instance, each ant looks for leaves of plants forwater droplets and gathers the drops up in its jaw. Second, rather thancarrying back water drops, they place water traps to attract and hold water. Inthis way, they can simply wait until the materials absorb enough water andharvest the water collected. For example, they place feathers at the gate oftheir nests and keep it there overnight. Thus, they can collect the water fromthe feathers in the next morning.
As stated in the lecture, new speciescan affect native species in an environment. The professor gives two examples.First, a type of trees called the “salty tree” had been introduced into SouthAfrica. The original purpose of doing this was to stabilize the local sand dunesthere. However, these trees grew too tall that they block the sunlight, leadingneighboring native plants lack sunlight. The second example is about the “bulktree” that was introduced to western U.S. since it was attractive. This type oftrees had a highly developed root system that absorbed a lot of water fromunderground, leading to insufficient underground water resources for nativeplants.