2011年ACCA考试模拟练习题(2)

发布时间:2014-02-26 共2页

 第一节 定语从句讲解、练习及译法

第二部分 定语从句的讲解、练习及译法

1.that和which用法比较:

1) which用于非限定性定语从句中。

e.g.: He said he was busy, which was not true.

他说他很忙,那是假的。

We don’t want to enter the house, which is very cold.

我们不想进房间,因为太冷了。

2) which用于介词后做宾语。

e.g.: The room of which windows are opposite to the room is large.

窗户正对着海的房间很大。

The chair in which you are sitting is made of iron.

你坐的椅子是用钢做的。

3) that一定用于“不(不定代词作先行词时)止(“只是”only修饰先行词时)最(形容词最高级修饰先行词时)两(先行词同时出现人和物)序(序数词修饰先行词时)”五种情况。

e.g.: All that you need is help. 你所需要的是帮助。

A lot of things and children that are full of the car were lost in the district.

装满了车的东西和孩子们在这个地区失踪了。

That is only thing that I want to know.

那是我唯一想知道的事情。

The last book that you bought is that I wanted to buy.

你买的最后一本书是我想买的。

What is the size of the largest map that you have seen before?

你以前见过的最大的尺寸的地图有多大?

2.定语从句的种类

定语从句可分为非限定性定语从句(描绘性定语从句)和限定性定语从句。

e.g.: They don’t like that person who is noisy.

他们不喜欢那个吵闹的人。

*非限定性定语从句(描绘性定语从句)和先行词关系紧密,不可省略。

e.g.: They don’t like that person, who is noisy.

他们不喜欢那个人,因为他太吵闹了。

*限定性定语从句和先行词关系疏松,用逗号和主句隔开,可以省略。它翻译时,相当于一个状语从句。

语法及词汇练习

1. The bridge was named __ the hero who gave his life for the cause of the people.

A after B with C by D from

2. There were no tickets __ for Friday’s performance.

A preferable B considerable C possible D available

3. __ the Revolutionary War, the United States was an English colony.

A Inferior to B Superior to C Prior to D Preferable to

4. Cancer is second only __ heart disease as a cause of death.

A of B to C with D from

5. It wasn't such a good dinner __ she had promised us.

A that B which C as D what

6. American women were __ the right to vote until 1920 after many years of hard struggle.

A ignored B neglected C refused D denied

7. They decided to chase the cow away __ it did more damage.

A unless B until C before D although

8. __ student with a little common sense should be able to answer the question.

A Each B Any C Either D One

9. The medicine is on sale everywhere. You can get it at __ chemist’s.

A each B some C any D certain

10. All __ is a continuous supply of the basic necessities of life.

A what is needed B for our needs C the thing needed D that is needed

11. __ with the size of the whole earth, the highest mountain does not seem high at all.

A When compared B Compare C While comparing D Comparing

12. After __ for the job, you will be required to take a language test.

A being interviewed B interviewed C interviewing D having interviewed

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