2009年项目管理考试PMP精选试题三

发布时间:2010-01-20 共1页

1.The PM distributed a document to the stakeholders which described the software to be developed, the functionality, the users it would serve and the installation timeline. The document was an example of     .
A)Product scope
B)Project scope
C)A combination of project and product scope
D)It was not complete enough to be either a product or a project scope document
项目经理给项目干系人分发了一个文件,这个文件描述了将要开发的软件,有关功能,服务的用户和安装期限。这份文件属于    。
A)产品范围
B)项目范围
C)项目和产品范围的结合
D)既不完全属于项目范围也不完全属于产品范围

2. A project manager a deliverable from one of the team members to provide to the customer. While looking at the deliverable, the project manager notice the document is smaller than what the expected and does not contain what he thought it should. The project manager should FIRST:
A. discuss it with the team member
B. contact the team member’s manager to get that person additional training
C. audit the development process
D. complete product verification
一个项目经理从一个团队成员那里收到一项应提交给客户的可交付成果。在查看这项可交付成果时,项目经理注意到该文件比预期的要少一些并且没有他认为应该包括的内容。这个项目经理应该首先:
A.与该团队成员讨论
B.与该团队成员的经理联系,让那个人接受额外的培训
C.审计开发过程
D.完成产品确认

3.Product verification is different from scope verification, product verification:
A. occurs during the execution phase
B. verifies that the correct products have been used
C. obtains customer sign-off
D. makes sure all work is completed
产品确认不同于范围确认,产品确认:
A.在实施阶段发生
B.确认使用了正确的恶产品
C.获得客户的签字认可
D.确保所有工作都已完成

4.A prerequisite of effective time management is    .
A)knowing the dictated project completion date
B)having the most advanced software package for project planning, scheduling, and control
C)having a good project WBS which identifies the major project deliverables and tasks, and the person responsible for each of them
D)having a well staffed scheduling department
有效时间管理的先决条件是    。
A)了解口述的项目完工日期
B)拥有最先进的项目计划,进度规划和控制软件包
C)拥有一个良好的WBS来指明主要的项目可交付成果,任务和责任人
D)拥有一个良好的进度规划团队

5.The critical path is    .
A)is the earliest series of events and activities which have the highest technical risk in the project
B)is the series of events and activities which have the highest cost in the project
C)is the longest chain of events and activities from today’s date to the end of the project, if the plan represented by the current network plan is executed
D)is an interesting concept, but is has little significance to the project functional managers assigned to the project
关键路径   。
A)是一系列在项目中具有最高技术风险的事情和活动
B)是一些列在项目中具有最高成本的事件和活动
C)如果按现有网络计划执行的话,使项目生命期中最长的一系列事件和活动
D)是一个有趣的概念,对于项目的职能经理来说影响不大

6. When choosing the most appropriate form of project organization, the first step is to—
A. Create the WBS and let it determine the project organizational structure
B. Produce an initial project plan and determine the functional areas responsible for each task
C. Refer to the project charter developed by top management
D. Develop a project schedule, including a top-down flowchart, and identify the functional areas to perform each task
在选择最佳的项目组织形式时,第一步是:    。
A 建立 WBS  ,并由它决定项目的组织结构
B制度初期项目计划,确定每项任务的职能领域
C 参考由最高管理层制定的项目章程
D 制定项目进度表,包括流程图,并确定负责单项任务的职能单位

7. Adjusting the timing of tasks so that resources are not over committed is called—
A. Resource leveling
B. Pair wise trade—off
C. The Multi-attribute Utility Theory 
D. Resource infringement
调整任务的时间安排以使得资源不被过分使用,这被称为:    .
A 资源平衡使用
B 双双权衡
C 多属性效用理论
D 资源浪费

8. The Purpose of flowcharting is to    。
A. Help analyze how Problems occur
B. Show dependencies between tasks
C. Show the results of a process
D. Forecast future outcomes
流程图表的作用是:   
A 帮助分析问题如何出现
B 说明各任务之间的相互关系
C 说明流程的完成结果
D 预计未来的产出

9. The sponsor of the project you are managing asks you to compress the duration of the project. Which of the following is correct?
A. Crashing always shortens the time line but often increases risk.
B. Fast tracking often results in rework, and crashing often results in increased cost.
C. Crashing is only a viable alternative if earned value analysis indicates that the project is ahead of schedule and under budget.
D. Fast tracking will result in less parallel tasks than crashing the project.
你负责的项目的发起人告诉你压缩项目的历时。下述哪项是正确的?
A.赶工总会缩短项目历时,但是经常会增加风险。
B.快速跟进经常导致返工,赶工经常导致成本增加。
C.如果挣值分析表明项目提前于进度计划,并且低于预算,则赶工是惟一一项可行的选项。
D.与赶工相比,快速跟进将减少并行进的任务的数量。

10. Activities in activity definition should be defined to meet the:
A. WBS layout.
B. Cost incentives.
C. Schedule goals.
D. Project objectives.
活动定义过程中,应该对活动进行定义,以便满足:
A.工作分解结构布局。
B.成本激励。
C.进度计划目标。
D.项目目标。

11. Which of the following BEST explains why the team needs to approve the final schedule?
A. To ensure tasks can be completed as scheduled.
B. To enhance team buy-in and loyalty.
C. To get a better cost estimate.
D. To improve communication.
下列哪项能够最准确的解释为什么团队需要审定最终进度计划?
A.为了确保能够按进度计划完成任务。
B.为了提高团队的认同和忠诚度。
C.为了得到一个较好的成本估算。
D.为了改进沟通。

12.In a fixed price contract which of the following holds true?
A)the seller agrees to use his best effort or fulfill the contract within the estimated contract amount
B)the seller agrees to perform a service or furnish supplies at the established contract price
C)if the amount of the contract is exceeded the seller is not obligated to perform further unless the buyer increases the funds
D)more risks is placed on the buyer
在一个固定价格合同中,下列哪一项是真的?
A)销售商同意尽力在预算内完成合同
B)销售商同意以固定的合同价格提供服务
C)如果合同量超过预定的量,在不提价的情况下,销售商没有义务提供服务
D)由买方承担更多的风险

13. What is the main focus of life-cycle costing?
A. Estimate installation costs
B. Estimate the cost of operation and maintenance
C. Consider installation costs in managing project costs
D. Consider operation and maintenance costs in managing project costs
生命周期成本计算是什么?
A.估算安装费用。
B.估算运营和维护费用。
C.考虑管理项目成本中的安装费用。
D.考虑管理项目成本中的运营和维护费用。

14. You are in the middle of project execution and find that you are running out of money due to unanticipated changes. What is the BEST thing to do ?
A. Crash or fast track the project.
B. Re-evaluate the risk analysis and contingency funding.
C. Ask for a change to the project budget.
D. Use resources that do not charge against the project.
你在项目实施阶段的中期发现,由于未预料到的变更,你的钱要花光了。最佳的措施是什么?
A.对项目进行赶工或快速跟进。
B.重新评估风险分析结果和应急资金。
C.要求对项目预算做变更。
D.使用不对项目收费的资源。

15.A  PM has just been hired and is trying t gain the cooperation of others. What is the best from of power for gaining cooperation under these circumstances?
A) formal
B)referent
C)penalty
D)expert
一个刚刚受聘的项目经理正在努力获得他人的合作。在这种情况下,获得合作的最佳权力形式是   。
A)正式权力
B)潜示权力
C)惩罚权力
D)专家权力

16. An input to team development is—
A. General management skill
B The project plan
C. The schedule, so that each team member can be assigned responsibility for specific work
Packages
D. The reward and recognition system
项目团队建设的必备因素是:    。
A 全面管理的技巧  
B 项目规划
C 确定进度表,使团队成员明确特定的工作任务及职责
D 鼓励机制和工作业绩认可制度

17. The primary result of effective team development is—
A. Improved project performance
B. An effective, smoothly running team
C. An understanding by project team members that the project manager is ultimately responsible for project performances
D. Enhancement of the ability of stakeholders to contribute as individuates and team members
有效的团队建设导致的主要结果是:    。
A 项目执行情况得到改善
B 一个高效率。运作正常的团队
C 团队成员充分理解项目经理对项目的执行负最终责任
D 项目干系人作为个人和项目组成员发生的作用得以加强

18. Major difficulties arise when multiple projects need to be managed in the functional organizational structure because of—
A. The level of authority of the project manager
B. Conflicts over the relative priorities of different projects in competition for limited resources
C. Project team members who are focused on their functional specialty rather than on the project
D. The need for the project manager to use interpersonal skills to resolve conflicts informally
当组织的功能结构需要用来支持多个项目时,主要困难将会出现,这是由于:    。
A 项目经理的权限造成
B 不同的项目优先顺序发生矛盾,从而对有限的资源进行竞争
C 项目组成员对他们的专长的关注超过了对项目本 
D 项目经理需要运用人际技巧来非正式地解决成员之间的冲突

19. A new testing center is going to be constructed over the next two years. The project sponsor and project manager have been identified and high-level estimates begun. It is expected that the project can be completed within budget and on schedule. The only difficulty is in acquiring the number of resources with the correct expertise to complete the work.  Under these circumstances, the project manager should spend more time creating a     .
A. risk analysis
B. responsibility assignment matrix
C. responsibility chart
D. resource-limited schedule
一个新测试中心将在两年内建成。项目发起人和项目经理已经确定并且高层次估算已经开始。预计该项目可以在预算内按进度计划完成。惟一的难点是获得完成工作所需的具有正确专门技能的资源数量。在这种情况下,项目经理应花更多时间建立:
A.风险分析
B.责任分配矩阵
C.责任图
D.受资源限制的进度计划

20. A project team is worried that the integration of the components of the project will result in uncovering flaws.  Instead of continuing their work, they are constantly looking for flaws to try to prevent their system from being the only one found to have flaws during integration. It might be BEST for the project manager to:
A. smooth the situation.
B. compromise the situation.
C. tell the team to create quality testing plans.
D. let management know of the concern.
一个项目团队担心项目要素的整合将导致暴露缺陷。他们放弃继续工作,取而代之的是他们一个劲地寻找缺陷,试图防止他们的系统在整合期间被发现是惟一有缺陷的系统。对项目经理来说,选择做下列哪项可能是最好的?
A.消除这种情况。
B.折衷这种情况。
C.让团队制定质量测试计划。
D.让管理层了解他们的担心。

21. Which of the following BEST describes how a work breakdown structure can be used to determine resources?
A. The task that the WBS provides breaks the project into one-person tasks.
B. The small tasks that the WBS provides make it easier to determine what expertise is needed.
C. It lists the names of the resources to be used.
D. It enables management to list the resource hierarchy.
下列哪项能最佳地描述如何使用工作分解结构来确定资源?
A.WBS提供的任务把项目分解成个人任务。
B.WBS提供的小任务更便于确定需要什么专业技能。
C.它列出将要使用资源的名称。
D.它使管理层能够列出资源层次。

22.What is the primary, underlying reason that conflict exists in organizations today?
A)conflicting project and functional objectives
B)the tremendous amount of change that has occurred in the work place
C)environmental constraints.
D)personality clashes
什么是当今项目冲突的首要和潜在原因?
A)项目目标和职能部门目标的冲突
B)在工作中产生的大量的变更
C)环境的限制
D)个人之间的冲突

23.The main purpose of documenting and disseminating the project plan is    .
A)reduce uncertainty in project execution
B)communicate with the project stakeholders
C)improve cost controls
D)evaluate other technical solutions
将项目计划文档化并分发,其主要目的是   。
A)减少项目执行的不确定性
B)与项目厉害关系者进行沟通
C)改进对项目费用的控制
D)评估其他的技术方案

24. The major difference between the project coordinator and project expeditor forms of organization is that—
A. Strong commitment to the project usually does not exist in the project expeditor form of organization
B. The project coordinator cannot personally make or enforce decisions
C. The project expeditor acts only as an intermediary between management and the project team
D. The project coordinator reports to a higher level manager in the organization
组织采用项目协调员和项目特派员形式的主要区别在于:    。
A 在项目特派员形式中,通常不存在对项目强烈的投入感
B 项目协调员个人不能作出或执行决策
C 项目特派员仅仅充当管理层与项目小组之间的中间人
D 项目协调员向组织内更高级别的经理汇报工作

25. The method most often used by project managers to solve conflict is—
A. Compromise
B. Confrontation
C. Smoothing
D. Negotiation
最常被项目经理用来解决冲突的方法是:  
A 妥 协的方式              
B 对话
C 消除冲突                 
D 谈判

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