2010年pmp美国项目管理考试采购合同管理练习题及答案3

发布时间:2010-03-23 共1页

1. To designate funds for a specific project objective or purpose is to:
A. Appropriate
B. Allocate
C. Authorize
D. Commit
为一个特定的项目目标或目的指定分配资金是要:
A. 拨款
B. 定位
C. 授权
D. 委托

2. Which of the following least affects a contractor’s ability to perform the contracted activities after the contract is signed?
A. A poor definition of contract deliverables
B. The extent of project sub-contracting
C. The complexity of the contracted effort
D. The contract type
在已签完合同后,对于承包商去实施完成所签约的任务活动的能力,下列哪一项最没有影响力?
A. 对合同交付物的定义出现问题
B. 项目分包的程度
C. 所签约的工作复杂性
D. 合同类型

3. Which of the following would you do if you wanted the contractor to start work on a project immediately?
A. Issue a letter contract, but follow up as soon as possible with some type of a final contract
B. Sign a Time and Materials contract for the entire effort
C. Negotiate a Firm Fixed Price contract
D. Negotiate a cost sharing arrangement
如果你想要承包商立刻开始进行项目工作, 你会做下列哪一事项?
A. 先签发一封合同意向书, 然后尽快形成某种类型的最终合同书
B. 对整个任务工作,签一份个工时和原材料合同
C. 谈判达成实盘固定价合同
D. 谈判达成成本分摊办法

4. Which of the following is not a viable acquisition method?
A. Request for Proposal (RFP)
B. Invitation for sealed bids
C. Negotiating a price through bargaining
D. Purchase order
下列的哪一项不是一个可行的外购方法?
A. 请求建议书(RFP)
B. 担保式邀标
C. 谈判协商价格
D. 采购货单

5. When using an Invitation for Bid (IFB) acquisition method, you should typically do all of the following, except:
A. Create a clear and concise description of the product or service required
B. Establish the price that you wish to pay
C. Open the bid to all potential qualified vendors
D. Provide a pre-bid conference for the bidders
当使用邀标(IFB)外购方式时,你通常应该做所有下列事项,除了:
A. 对所要求的产品或服务,制定清楚简明的描述说明书
B. 制定你所愿支付的价格
C. 向所有潜在的有资格的卖主公开竞标
D. 为投标者提供一次预竞标会议

6. The document that describes the end use of an item and that is used to stimulate competition among vendors, with the risk of performance falling on the contractor, is called the:
A. Design specification
B. Functional specification
C. Performance specification
D. Project specification
用以描述项目终止使用条款,并刺激众卖主之间竞争,让承包商承担实施工作的风险的文件被称为:
A. 设计规格要求
B. 功能规格要求
C. 绩效要求
D. 项目规格要求

7. In which of the following circumstances would you most likely procure the goods or services instead of producing them in-house?
A. Your company has excess capacity, and your company can produce the goods or services
B. Your company has no excess capacity, and cannot produce the goods or services
C. There are many reliable vendors for the goods or services that you are attempting to procure but the vendors cannot achieve your level of quality
D. The goods or services are confidential in design or nature
在下列哪一环境下,你最有可能会外购商品或服务而不是自己内部生产他们?
A. 你的公司生产能力过剩并且你的公司能生产该商品或服务
B. 你的公司没有多余的生产能力, 而且不能生产该商品或服务
C. 对于你所打算采购的商品或服务,有许多可靠的卖主,但是卖主不能达到你要求的质量水平
D. 商品或服务在设计或特性上是要保密的

8. Which of the following is not part of a project’s micro-procurement environment?
A. The contract administration procedures
B. The solicitation cycle
C. The selection of the project manager
D. The award cycle
下列哪一项不是项目的采购微观环境的一部份?
A. 合同管理方式程序
B. 探标周期
C. 项目经理的选择
D. 授标周期

9. A written or pictorial document that describes, defines, or specifies the services or items to be procured, is called:
A. A specification document
B. A Gantt chart
C. A blueprint
D. A PERT chart
书面或图表式文件,以描述定义或规定所要采购的服务或项目条款,被称为:
A. 规格文件
B. 甘特图
C. 蓝皮书
D. 计划评审技术PERT 图

10. The make or buy decision is usually made at which stage of the contracting cycle?
A. Requirement
B. Requisition
C. Solicitation
D. Award
在进行合同承包周期的哪一阶段, 通常要作出自制或外购的决策?
A. 合同要求
B. 合同邀标
C. 探标
D. 合同授予

11. A Fixed Price contract is typically sought by the customer’s project manager when:
A. The risks and consequences associated with the contracted project are large
B. The customer is proficient at dealing with the contracted project activities
C. Neither the contractor nor the project manager understands the scope of the task
D. The project manager ’s company has excess production capacity
客户的项目经理寻求固定价合同,通常是当:
A. 所签合同项目相关联的风险及其后果很大
B. 客户很善于处理所签合同项目的活动
C. 承包商与项目经理都没有理解工作任务的范围
D. 项目经理所在的公司其生产能力过剩

12. Which of the following is not a function of contract administration?
A. Change management
B. Specification interpretation
C. Determination of breach of contract
D. Selection of the project manager
下列哪一项不是合同管理的一个职能?
A. 变更管理
B. 规格说明
C. 合同违约的界定
D. 项目经理的选择

13. In which type of contract arrangement is the contractor least interested in controlling costs?
A. Cost Plus Percentage of Cost
B. Time and Materials
C. Cost Plus Fixed Cost
D. Fixed Price Incentive Firm Target
在哪一类型的合同安排中,承包商对于控制成本最不感兴趣?
A. 成本百分比加成
B. 工时和原材料
C. 固定成本加成
D. 固定价实盘目标奖励

14. In which type of contract arrangement is the customer at greatest risk of absorbing excessive cost overruns?
A. Cost Plus Percentage of Cost
B. Time and Materials
C. Firm Fixed Price with Economic Price Adjustment
D. Fixed Price Incentive Firm Target
在哪一类型的合同安排中, 对于消化过度的成本超支,客户承担着最大的风险?
A. 成本百分比加成
B. 工时和原材料
C. 按照经济价格指数调整的实盘固定价
D. 固定价实盘目标奖励

15. In the purchasing cycle, which task falls between “Needs Definition” and “Market
Analysis”?
A. Set price and terms
B. Describe/transmit need
C. Prepare/issue order
D. Receive/inspect
在采购周期中, 哪一项工作界于
A. 定价和期限
B. 描述/表达需求
C. 准备/签发订单
D. 收货/验货

"需求定义 " 和 " 市场分析"之间?

16. Under which of the following conditions will a contract not be regarded as a legal and binding document?
A. Mutual agreement
B. Consideration
C. Contract incapability
D. Legal purpose in a form provided by law
在下列哪一条件下,合同将不会被视为合法的和有约束力的文件?
A. 共同的协议
B. 酬礼
C. 不能胜任合同
D. 通过法律形式提供的合法的目标

17. Which of the following is not a legitimate acquisition alternative?
A. Make
B. Lease
C. Rent
D. Capital lease
下列哪一项不是一个合法的外购替代方式?
A. 制造
B. 租赁
C. 租用
D. 出租资本

18. The relationship of specific procurement actions to the project strategy is called the:
A. Project risk strategy
B. Project procurement strategy
C. Project planning strategy
D. Project action strategy
特定的采购行动与项目战略的关系被称为:
A. 项目风险战略
B. 项目采购战略
C. 项目计划编制战略
D. 项目行动战略

19. Which of the following requests typically gives the customer many options to choose from?
A. Request for Quotations (RFQs)
B. Request for Proposals (RFPs)
C. Request for Bids (RFBs)
D. Invitation for Bids (IFBs)
下列哪一请求方式通常给客户许多选择的余地?
A. 请求报价单 (RFQs)
B. 请求建议书 (RFPs)
C. 竞标要求 (RFBs)
D. 邀标 (IFBs)

20. Which of the following is not a type of contract modification?
A. Termination
B. Constructive change
C. Supplemental agreement
D. Change order
下列哪一项不属于合同调整的一个类型?
A. 终止
B. 建设性的变更
C. 补充协约
D. 变更顺序

参考答案:
1、BDADB  BBCAA
11、ADAAB  CABBA

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