2007年4月成人三级英语考试(A)真题及答案

发布时间:2011-09-29 共6页

    Part I Reading Comprehension (30%)

    Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.  

    Passage 1

    Many a young person tells me he wants to be a writer.(76) I always encourage such people, but I also explain that there’s a big difference between “being a writer’ and writing. In most cases these individuals are dreaming of wealth and fame, not the long hour alone at a typewriter. “You’ve got to want to write,” I say to them, “not want to be a writer”.

    The reality is that writing is a lonely, private and poor-paying affair. For every writer kissed by fortune there are thousands more whose longing is never rewarded. When I left a 20-year career in the U.S. Coast Guard to become a freelance(自由栏目)writer, I had no prospects at all. What I did have was a friend who found me my room in a New York apartment building. It didn’t even matter that it was cold and had no bathroom. I immediately bought a used manual typewriter and felt like a genuine writer.

    After a year or so, however, I still hadn’t gotten a break and began to doubt myself. It was so hard to sell a story that I barely made enough to eat. But I knew I wanted to write, I had dreamed about it for years. I wasn’t going to be one of those people who die wondering: What if ? (77 ) I would keep putting my dream to the test even though it meant living with uncertainty and fear of failure. This is the shadowland of hope, and anyone with a dream must learn to live there.

    ( 中文大意:许多年青人对我说自己想成为一名作家。我通常会鼓励这类人,但是,我也会向他们解释作家和写作之间的巨大差异。在大多数情况下,这些人梦想者财富和名望,根本不可能独自在打字机前苦思冥想。因此,我对他们说:“你想要写些什么,可并不想成为一个写作者”。

     事实上,写作是一个要能忍受孤独,隔世离群且收入差的行业。对每位作家来说,想要发大财的愿望几乎难以达到。当我离开工作了20年的美国海岸警卫队,并成为一名自由栏目撰写人时,我根本没有任何期待。我唯一拥有的就是一位朋友为我在纽约公寓大厦租到的一个房间。房间里很冷,而且没有卧室,不过这些都不成问题,我立即买了一台二手手动打字机,感觉自己就好像是一名天才作家。

    然而,一年以后,我依然没有放弃自己的理想,可是我却开始怀疑自己。我知道想要以发稿来养活自己实在是一件很难的事,但是我渴望写作,因为这是我梦寐多年的理想。我不想成为那些毫无理想寄托的人........?那有什么关系?我将不断地验证我的理想,哪怕这意味着我得过一种不安定的生活以及面临失败的恐惧。这是希望的阴影之地,任何拥有该理想的人都必须学会如何在其中生存下去。)

    1. The passage is meant to ______.

    A. warn young people of the hardships that a successful writer has to experience
    B. advise young people to give up their idea of becoming a professional writer
    C. show young people it’s unrealistic for a writer to pursue wealth and fame
    D. encourage young people to pursue a writing career

    1、A. 这道题考察考生对文章的整体把握能力。作者在开头便点明写作和成为作家是不同的,指出很多年轻人的想法是不成熟的。接下来又以亲身经历说明成为作家的艰辛。
      
    2. What can be concluded from the passage?

    A. Genuine writers often find their work interesting and rewarding.
    B. A writer’s success depends on luck rather than on efforts.
    C. Famous writers usually live in poverty and isolation.
    D. The chances for writer to become successful are small

    2、D. 一个作家成功的比率是非常小的。在文章的第二段中提到For every writer kissed by fortune there are thousands more whose longing is never rewarded. 虽然有一些可以得到财富,但上千的作家的努力却得不到回报。说明作家成功是非常困难的。

    3. Why did the author begin to doubt himself after the first year of his writing career?

    A. He wasn’t able to produce a single book.
    B. He hadn’t seen aching for the better.
    C. He wasn’t able to have a rest for a whole year.
    D. He though that he lacked imagination.

    3、B. 作者在从事写作的第一年怀疑自己是应为他没有看到情况比一开始有所好转。

    4. “…people who die wondering: What if ?”(Lin4-5, Para-3) refers to “those _____”.

    A. who think too much of the dark side of life
    B. who regret giving up their career halfway
    C. who think a lot without making a decision
    D. who are full of imagination even upon death

    4、C. 因为这些人总去问what if,说明他们总是犹豫不决,对自己的未来举棋不定,做不出最终决定。

    5. “Shadowland” in the last sentence refers to _____.

    A. the wonderland on often dreams about
    B. the bright future that one is looking forward to
    C. the state of uncertainty before one’s final goal is reached
    D. a world that exists only in one’s imagination

    5、C. 这道题考察对词汇的理解。Shadowland是指一种在目标实现前的不确定状态。
核心词汇:in most cases, 在多数情况下;dream of, 梦想;free-lance writer, 自由栏目作者;apartment building, 公寓楼;keep doing sth., 坚持做某事

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